As expressed in the 1967 Education for Self-Reliance Policy and Vision 2025, the existing education system needs to be better aligned to the changing environment. Graduates must acquire “employability skills” for both self-employment and salaried employment in a range of organizations, both small and large. They must be mentally prepared and possess the necessary skills to: (i) take ownership and leadership of their learning and development, (ii) is able to start with whatever they have, even with very little, (iii) work to learn and (iv) get their hands dirty.
Various measures have been undertaken to implement these policies. The effective implementation of the Education for Self-Reliance Policy in the school system required a substantial change in the mindset of the various actors in the education system, a determined leadership to follow through implementation and a detailed framework for all important actors to speak one language. The mindset, in particular, never changed sufficiently to embrace the spirit of the policy and thus contributed to the policy’s failure to bear the intended results.
Various public and private organizations, both local and international are engaged in supporting formal and non-formal entrepreneurship education and training in line with Vision 2025. However, these efforts are inadequately coordinated, harmonized and resourced, and hence not effective enough.
Recent studies (IMED (2012) and NEEC (2012)) established that there is no common understanding of the concept of entrepreneurship training, its objectives, targeted learning outcomes and appropriate approaches and resources to achieve the desired results. As a consequence, there is a glaring need for stakeholders to have a common framework showing the objectives, scope, methods, assessment tools and facilitators. This document presents the National Entrepreneurship Training Framework (NETF) for this purpose.
Objectives of the National Entrepreneurship Training Framework (NETF)
The overall objective of the NETF is to provide a minimum of learning outcomes, methods, guidelines for the quality of facilitators and assessment techniques to be used in entrepreneurship training so that the efforts contribute more effectively towards empowering Tanzanians in terms of attitudes, knowledge and skills, as envisioned in the National Vision 2025 as well as in various sector policies.
The specific objectives of the NETF are to provide guidance on:
- key objectives of entrepreneurship training at each level of formal and non-formal education;
- a minimum of competencies that are to be developed at each level of formal education;
- Competencies to be developed for main types and levels of non-formal education; approaches, methods, teaching strategies, assessment tools and facilitators to be used to generate the desired learning outcomes at various levels.